The entire capital expenditure on land and buildings is met by the
respective State Govts who are also required to provide funds for
maintenance of infrastructure and for new infrastructural projects.
The State Govts also award scholarships on merit cum means basis.
These are fully residential schools run on public school lines.
The schools provide all facilities for overall personality development.
NCC is compulsory upto class-XII.
(c) They offer a common CBSE
curriculum and the medium of instruction is English, though English
is not a pre-requisite for admission.
(d) Most Sainik Schools are designed for 525 cadets spread over
from class-VI to XII. However strength of the school can vary keeping
in view available capacity and after taking permission of the Hony
(e) These are financially self sustaining institutions and all expenditure
on establishment, training and pension are met out of fee collected
from the students.
(f) All schools have three service officers Principal, Vice Principal and Administrative Officers. Principals are of the rank of Col, Vice Principals are of the rank of Lt Col and Administrative Officers are Major. These may be of equivalent rank from the three services.
of Ministry of Defence in Sainik Schools
Ministry of Defence provides scholarships to wards of defence personnel
including ex-servicemen. In addition Ministry of Defence provides
central assistance to those students who are awarded state scholarships.
The sharing of expenditure on fees/scholarships among Central Govt,
State Govt and parents is decided by the BOG from time to time.
With effect from financial year 2003-04, the Ministry of Defence
has implemented a scheme under which burden of fee and dietary charges
are being shared between the Ministry of Defence and the parents
in the ratio 3 : 1. Under this scheme all boys studying in Sainik
Schools get financial assistance of about Rs.9,000 – 10,000
every year. The scheme also provides incentive to boys who join
the NDA by refunding.
of Sainik Schools
Aims - So far these schools have contributed about 7,000 officers
to the three services. Its students today occupy important positions
in all spheres of national activities. Since the schools were
founded in early 60s, its cadets have now reached the level of
Generals in the Army and equivalent Ranks in the Navy and Air
b) Results - These schools send about 130-160 cadets to the NDA
every year. As far as CBSE results are concerned the schools are
performing creditably. All efforts are on to improve the results
c) Quality Education - In most of the States Sainik Schools are
the only residential institutions and that too located in isolated
areas. Thus these schools have been able to contribute significantly
to development of education in backward areas and also in carrying
out backward area educational integration.
d) Adventure Activities - All schools promote these activities
to ensure all round development of personalities.
e) Demand for new Sainik Schools - The good performance of these
schools have resulted in greater demand by the State Govts for
opening new Sainik Schools. Recently three Sainik Schools have
f) Every year two to three teachers of Sainik Schools get National
Awards by President of India.
FEATURES OF SAINIK SCHOOLS
large country like ours would naturally have various types of
schools, each following a different model of development of its
students. It would be difficult and perhaps unnecessary, to replicate
the ethos of one in the other. Sainik Schools are set apart from
Sainik Schools are supported by Central and State funding and
committed to bring public school education to the common man
and function as feeder institutions to the National Defence
The formidable infrastructure for academic and co-curricular
development, the well equipped laboratories–separate for
each science subject, induction of boys right from the junior
classes into practical work and experimentation (as opposed
to mere demonstration by the teachers) are the most enviable
facilities without any doubt. Unlike most other schools where
practical work is undertaken merely to pass the hurdle of the
practical examinations at the Board level, in Sainik Schools
learning by doing methods are followed throughout to inculcate
an experimental and problem solving skills in the cadets. For
the cadets in Sainik Schools laboratories are as familiar as
their class rooms. Apart from the need to supplement theory,
students are permitted and even encouraged, to undertake additional
projects of their own choice.
There is complete academic freedom, subject to the day's tough
schedule. Stress is laid not on learning by rote and on short
term, though glamorous achievements like cent percent pass or
the number of distinctions and first classes achieved by the
school but rather on learning in-depth, for the most enduring
success at higher levels and in various careers open to them.
A follow-up of the track records of over forty thousand students
who have passed out of the portals of Sainik Schools confirms
the not-so-popularly held belief that lack of brilliance in
the earlier years does not necessarily presage its continuity
in later years and also vice-versa. Unlike ordinary schools
and colleges, the Sainik Schools alumni are fairly active, have
instituted many endowments, awards and trophies, many of them
in the hallowed memory of their companions who laid down their
lives in the service of the Motherland.
The tough schedule of work, beginning with PT in the early morning
and concluding with studies in the dormitory fairly late in
the night; optimum utilization of time and opportunities, as
well as close contact with teachers, even outside the classrooms
are admittedly too demanding for all in the beginning but the
mind and body soon get attuned to the regimen. Pressure and
tension in most cases bring out putative talents and gifts although
it is true that a few of the entrants in Class VI get withdrawn
or dropout. The same is true of new entrants to the faculty
who join hoping for a cushy soft job with plenty of free time
and holidays, as is common in the profession elsewhere.
A campus life totally free from linguistic, communal and social
bias and is well insulated from the sordid strife and discord
which bedevil student life outside.
The profusion of facilities for games, sports and even martial
arts is not to make a few champions or to publicise success
in inter-school tournaments, instead, it is to expose the cadets
to team games like Football, Hockey, Cricket, Volleyball and
Basketball so that constant practice would engender personality
development and competitive abilities in so many ways–invaluable
assets always at a premium for a successful career in the services.
Schools also offer the advantage of training in Equitation,
Shooting and Swimming as well.
The obligatory NCC training, adventure courses, route marches,
cross-country racing, ceremonial parades, pride in uniform and
smart turn-out, the library habit, group discussions, debates,
cultural activities–all these immensely help in personality
The true worth of any educational institution lies in the quality
of the student-teacher interaction. It is indeed mutually beneficial–for
the students in their pursuit of excellence and for the teachers
in drawing out the best from each (teacher). This is further
enhanced by a harmonious blending of the civilian and military
ethos, perceptions and value systems. The filial affection cherished
by the alumni for their alma mater and their mentors is in refreshing
contrast from what is prevalent elsewhere.
active alumni association has local chapters in most of the cities
in the country and quite a few outside country too. Every year there
is a Reunion in the school campus. The Old Boys Association (OBA)
has instituted many endowments, awards and trophies many of them
in the hallowed memory of their compatriots lost in war. Gifts of
books, games equipment and motivational material are all annual